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Mastering Crate Training: A Guide to Happy and Calm Canine Spaces

Crate training can be a game-changer for both you and your dog. Providing a safe and comfortable space that becomes a haven rather than a scary box is invaluable for management and other training needs. In this post, we'll explore the ins and outs of crate training, helping you build positive associations and make the crate a happy retreat for your pup.

Choosing the Right Crate:

The key to successful crate training begins with selecting the right crate. Aim for one and a half times the length of your dog's body, allowing enough room for them to stand and turn comfortably. Wire crates are recommended for their durability and breathability, ensuring your pup stays cool. However, every dog is unique, so observe your pet's preferences before settling on the perfect crate.

Step-by-step training guide:

Step 1: Teaching the In and Out Cue: Start by leaving the crate open. With a handful of treats, guide your dog into the crate with a treat, saying "kennel up!" in an upbeat tone. When they enter, praise them and toss a few treats towards the back of the crate. Repeat until your dog associates the crate with positive experiences, entering and exiting the crate easily, and they are calm and comfortable.

Step 2: Adding Duration: Gradually increase the time your dog spends in the crate. Drop treats from the top of the crate or toss them towards the back one at a time one after the other.

Step 3: Make it Comfortable: Leave a cozy bed inside the crate, ensuring it's the most comfortable spot for your dog. Resist the temptation to leave a bed outside initially to encourage your pup to choose the crate voluntarily. Keep in mind that some younger dogs may find beds really fun to chew up. Give your dog plenty of enrichment items so they have an outlet for that need to shred things. You can check out my Canine Enrichment webinar for more information on this topic.

Step 4: Feed Your Dog in Their Crate: Enhance positive associations by feeding your dog their meals in the crate. Place the food bowl towards the back and, once your dog is comfortable, close the crate door during mealtime.

Step 5: Surprise Them: Make the crate an exciting place by leaving treats or enrichment toys inside. Randomly hide treats in the crate when your dog isn't watching so they can discover them later on their own. They will begin to think that the crate is a magical place that creates treasures for them to find!

White dog lying in a pink blanket in a wire crate.
Beauty is relaxing in her crate after a training session.

Dos and Don'ts:


  • Create positive associations with the crate.

  • Make the crate a happy and calm place to be.


  • Use the crate as punishment.

  • Expect your puppy to stay in the crate longer than they can hold their bladder.

Monitoring Your Dog's Comfort:

While crate training, pay close attention to your dog's behavior. Signs of distress, such as repetitive barking, panting, or panicked pacing, should be addressed immediately. If your dog seems afraid of the crate, consider alternative confinement options like a kitchen or laundry room with baby gates.

Mastering crate training is a gradual process that requires patience and positive reinforcement. By following these steps and understanding your dog's unique needs, you can create a calming environment where the crate becomes a comfortable retreat for your dog.

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